There is an urgent need for practical guidance, particularly for both designers and implementers of labour- based contractor development projects, not only dealing with roads, but with other types of infrastructure works. For this reason the ILO decided to proceed with the preparation of a summary version of general guidelines dealing principally with operational issues and challenges faced by practitioners working on labour-based infrastructure work projects, carried out with private sector involvement. This publication is the result of this work. It identifies relevant information needs and present options, complemented by brief case studies of relevant project experiences. It discusses different options for private sector development - contractor and consultants - the selection and training of contractors, their access to and management of financial and material recourses, and contract their access to and management of financial and material recourses, and contract documentation and procedures. It also deals with labour relations and issues related to working conditions and labour standards, which are crucial if employment-intensive programmes are to expand and last.